SAO PAULO (AP) — Doctors in the Amazon rainforest’s biggest city are having to choose which COVID-19 patients can breathe amid dwindling oxygen stocks and an effort to airlift some of the infected to other states.
Some hope for Manaus, an isolated city of 2 million people, landed in a Brazilian air force plane on Friday with 6,000 liters of oxygen that are being distributed to hospitals. But as the pandemic hits hard, locals wonder how long the supply will last.
The oxygen crisis in the city is so serious that it goes beyond COVID-19 patients.
Sao Paulo state Gov. João Doria said in a press conference that 60 prematurely born babies from Manaus will come to Sao Paulo so they can get the oxygen they need.
The Amazonas state health secretariat said in a statement to The Associated Press that it will transfer hospitalized new-born babies to other states as long as both parents agree and the child’s mother comes along.
“We will host every baby that can be transported to Sao Paulo,” said Doria, an adversary of President Jair Bolsonaro. He added pregnant women that have COVID-19 are also in line for a transfer from Manaus.
In a city considered to be the capital of the Amazon, every oxygen tank counts.
On Thursday, as heavy rain poured down in Manaus, Rafael Pereira carried a small tank containing five cubic meters of oxygen for his mother-in-law at the 28 de Agosto hospital. He didn’t want to be interviewed because of his stress, but he looked relieved when the tank — which he said would aid her breathing for an additional two hours — was taken inside.
Similar scenes took place on Friday upon arrival of the Brazilian air force plane.
Despairing patients in overloaded hospitals waited as oxygen arrived to save some, but came too late for others. At least one of the cemeteries of Manaus had mourners lining up to enter and bury their dead. Brazilian artists, soccer clubs and politicians used their platforms to cry for help.
The local government’s oxygen provider, multinational White Martins, said in a statement that it was considering diverting some of its supply from neighboring Venezuela. It wasn’t immediately clear whether this would be sufficient to address the spiraling crisis.
“Yes, there is a collapse in the health care system in Manaus. The line for beds is growing by a lot — we have 480 people waiting now,” Brazil’s health minister Eduardo Pazuello said in a Thursday night broadcast on social media. “We are starting to remove patients with less serious (conditions) to reduce the impact.”
Hospitals in Manaus have admitted few new COVID-19 patients, suggesting many will suffer from the disease at home, and some may die.
“My grandmother died today because of lack of oxygen,” Mayline da Mata, 30, told the AP outside one Manaus hospital. “My grandmother, 84 years old, couldn’t survive. She needed 15 liters per minute, and there wasn’t enough.”
Developing nations’ medical facilities often lack the reliable supply of oxygen that’s found in wealthy Europe and North America, where hospitals treat oxygen as a fundamental need and it is delivered in liquid form by tanker truck and piped directly to the beds of coronavirus patients. But even i n Los Angeles this month, a surge of coronavirus cases overwhelmed medical staff, created a shortage of oxygen and led to a directive to ambulance crews to stop transporting patients they can’t revive in the field.
The strain in Manaus prompted Amazonas state’s government to say it would transport 235 patients who depend on oxygen but aren’t in intensive care units to five other states and the federal capital, Brasilia.
Governors and mayors throughout the country offered help amid a flood of social media videos in which distraught relatives of COVID-19 patients in Manaus begged for people to buy them oxygen.
Federal prosecutors in the city, however, asked a local judge to pressure President Bolsonaro’s administration to step up its support. The prosecutors said later in the day that the main air force plane in the region for oxygen supply transportation “needs repair, which brought a halt to the emergency influx.”
Friday morning, many of Bolsonaro’s critics alleged that his administration had failed in its responsibility to foresee and prepare for the shortage, and called for a pot-banging protest in the evening under the hashtag #BrazilSuffocated.
“We are always doing what we have to do,” Bolsonaro told supporters outside the presidential residence on Friday. “The problem in Manaus is terrible. But we did our part, (with) resources, means.”
The air force said in a statement Thursday night that it was deploying two planes to transport patients along with medical teams, starting Friday.
The U.S Embassy in Brasilia also confirmed it had received a request from the federal government to support the initiative, without providing details.
Local authorities recently called on the federal government to reinforce Manaus’ stock of oxygen. The city’s 14-day death toll is approaching the peak of last year’s first wave of the coronavirus pandemic, according to official data.
In that first peak, Manaus consumed a maximum 30,000 cubic meters (about 1 million cubic feet) of oxygen per day, and now the need has more than doubled to nearly 70,000 cubic meters, according to White Martins.
“Due to the strong impact of the COVID-19 pandemic, the consumption of oxygen in the city increased exponentially over the last few days in comparison with a volume that was already extremely high,” White Martins said in an emailed statement to AP. “Demand is much higher than anything predictable and … continues to grow significantly.”
The company added that Manaus’ remote location presents challenging logistics, requiring additional stocks to be transported by boat and by plane..
The governor also decreed more health restrictions, including the suspension of public transportation and establishing a curfew between 7 p.m. and 6 a.m.
The new measures challenged protesters who on Thursday carried Brazilian flags through the streets. Lima, once seen as an ally of Bolsonaro, has faced criticism from supporters of the conservative president for imposing new restrictions aimed at stemming the virus’ recent surge.
Bolsonaro has downplayed risks of the disease, saying the economic fallout of the pandemic will kill more than the virus. His son Eduardo, a lawmaker who chairs the international relations committee in Brazil’s lower house, was one of the many conservatives who in December egged on their supporters to disobey local restrictions on activity.
Park of the Tribes, a community of more than 2,500 Indigenous people on the outskirts of Manaus, went more than two months without any resident showing COVID-19 symptoms. In the past week, 29 people have tested positive for the coronavirus, said Vanda Ortega, a volunteer nurse in the community. Two went to urgent care units, but no one yet has required hospitalization.
“We’re really very worried,” said Ortega, who belongs to the Witoto ethnicity. “It’s chaos here in Manaus. There isn’t oxygen for anyone.”
Biller reported from Rio de Janeiro. AP photographer Edmar Barros and AP videojournalist Fernando Crispim contributed to this report from Manaus.