There will come a time when your child is going to want to stay home alone whether it's after school (or during school breaks), on the weekend or when mom and dad need to run errands or go on a much deserved date night.
How do you know when your child is ready to stay home alone? A lot depends on your child and their ability to take home-alone responsibility seriously.
Child experts generally agree that children should be at least eleven or twelve years old before parents consider leaving them without supervision, but there are other factors to consider as well. Is the neighborhood mostly a safe one? Are there neighbors that are around that can lend a hand during an emergency? Does your child know what to do if a stranger comes to the door or calls? Is your child generally responsible with such tasks as homework, chores, and day-to-day decisions?
Kids who are allowed to stay by them selves should be able to handle the following routine tasks:
- Knows how to properly answer the telephone. Kids should never disclose to an unfamiliar voice that they are alone. An appropriate response would be: "My mom's not able to come to the phone right now; can I take your number and have her get back to you?"
- Knows what to do and who to call in the event of a fire, a medical crisis, a suspicious stranger at the door or other emergency. Teach your child the correct way to respond to each of these situations. Make sure emergency phone numbers are placed in easy to find areas such as on the refrigerator and by the phone. If your child uses a cell phone, have emergency numbers ready in "favorites" or together in a group contact page titled emergency. Go over all exits (including windows- make sure they can be opened quickly) in the house and be sure they know at least two escape routes from the home.
- Knows where to find the first-aid supplies and how to handle basic?first aid (or whom to call) for cuts, scrapes, nosebleeds, minor burns and so on.
- Knows where the breaker box is in the house and how to switch on and off an electrical circuit breaker or replace a fuse.
- Knows where to find the shutoff valves on all toilets and sinks, as?well as the main water valve, in the event of a leak or overflowing toilet.
- Knows how to put out a cooking fire. Keep baking soda, flour or a fire extinguisher in the kitchen. Kids should be taught to never to throw water on a grease fire.
- Knows how to contact you in an emergency.
- Knows the names of his or her pediatrician or family doctor and the preferred family hospital.
Some of these ideas may seem like overkill for kids who may be staying by them selves for only a couple of hours, but knowing any of the undertakings listed above is helpful even when the whole family is home.
Before your child is allowed to go-it-alone for a bit, make sure they understand the rules and what you expect of them. Create a "contract" so there is no confusion or misunderstandings and have them read it and sign it. Contracts also work well when kids are learning to drive or when they get their first cell phone. It's simply rules set in writing that outline expectations – as well as consequences when the rules are broken.
A few things to consider covering when setting rules are:
- Is he/she allowed to have friends over? How many? Same-sex friends only?
- Under what circumstances is he/she to answer the door? Or are they not to open the door at all?
- Which activities are off-limits? For example, if your home is wired for cable television, are there channels he/she is prohibited from watching? (Parents who are not home in the afternoon might want to investigate purchasing parental-control tools for TVs and for computers linked to the Internet. Though by no means infallible, the "V-chip" and Web filters do enable you to choose the types of programming that come into your home).
- Is he/she expected to complete her homework and/or certain chores before you get home? Try your best to contact your child while you are away, even if it's only a brief conversation to find out how his or her day went. Kids should always be able to reach you or another responsible adult, either by phone, e-mail, text or pager.
As for parents, turn about is fair play. If you're not going to be home when you say you are, let your child know and give them a time when they can expect you. While they may act all grown up because they have the run of the house, studies have shown that kids who are by them selves, even for short periods of time, can become anxious and overwhelmed especially if anything out of the ordinary happens.
These days there are plenty of temptations from the Internet, television programs, peers and social media that can get even a "good" kid in trouble, but that doesn't mean they should be kept in a bubble. Children need to experience greater doses of independence as they get older, but they need to know the rules.
Summertime is when a lot of kids are going to experience being unsupervised for one reason or another. If your child is itching to go it alone, consider the above outline and how he or she typically handles responsibilities. You may decide it's time to give it a try, or you may feel that they're just not ready yet. Either way, you've given it serious consideration and know the time when they will have that opportunity is probably drawing near.