- Mandatory use of the Prescription Monitoring Program to reduce doctor shopping by drug-seeking patients and inappropriate prescribing by medical providers;
- Required pain management provider education; safe drug disposal sites (where people can drop off their left-over prescription drugs);
- Substance abuse treatment, including opioid substitution therapy (suboxone and methadone); and direct distribution of naloxone to persons at risk for opioid overdose as well as naloxone distribution by prescription or samples in clinical settings for patients at risk of opioid overdose from prescribed pain medications. Naloxone (also called Narcan) is formally known as an opioid antagonist - an antidote that reverses an opioid overdose. It works by neutralizing the opioids in the body, thereby allowing the respiratory system to function again.
- Other initiatives include: law enforcement naloxone carry-and-administer programs (Espanola Police Department); Law Enforcement Assisted Diversion (LEAD) programs (Santa Fe County), in which substance abusers are diverted to drug treatment services and therapies in order to reduce incarceration for non-violent offenders; and community prevention and education initiatives (such as Taos Alive, Santa Fe Opioid Safe, Roswell Prescribe to Prevent, the Sierra County Opiate Overdose Prevention Task Force in Truth or Consequences and the Bernalillo County Community Health Council).
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