These are just some of the side effects of over-medicating children.
The American Academy of Pediatrics recently studied how parents measure their children's meds and revealed 40-percent of parents were incorrect with their measurements.
"We need to be more careful as parents to make sure we are giving our kids the right amount of medicine," said Tashika Davis, a parent of two children.
Ruiz tells me parents can easily confuse the abbreviations for tablespoon and teaspoon.
"They are complex, you know sometimes when I'm visiting with patients, even well-educated patients might say, 'I don't understand what this means, how do I read that?'" Ruiz said.
Marina Almance tells me she always double checks the prescribed amount for children's medications.
"I specifically look at it, like to or three times before I even try giving it to my kids," Almance said.
Ruiz says there is no confusion with a milileter, adding it's a lot safer and less confusing than the kitchen spoon.
"What we've actually seen some adults and parents do is just grab a kitchen spoon, not even paying attention to what size it is and use that as dosing," Ruiz said.
Ruiz says there are also risks with under-medicating children.
"Then the doctor might think that antibiotic isn't working, lets go with something strong or lets extend the length of the time that it's to be given," Ruiz said.
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