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Absentee Voting Rights
By Danielle Leigh
(NBC News) Voting rights activists are hoping the hype around this year's midterm elections will give new energy to a bill intended to make it easier to vote.
The bill would mandate no-excuse absentee voting in federal elections, a provision currently allowed for voters in 30 states.
20 others only allow absentee ballots to be cast if certain excuses are offered.
"We think this is fundamentally unfair and invasive to peoples privacy," says Deborah Vagins, senior counsel for the American Civil Liberties Union.
In Texas, work generally is not an excuse, sick voters in Tennessee have to get a doctor's note,
Mississippi voters must make a special request for an application and in Virginia working applicants must disclose where and when they work.
Once that's done the forms go the local registrar's office for review.
Congresswoman Susan Davis argues excuse requirements do nothing to prevent fraud.
"They are really just getting in the way," she says. "They have a real chilling effect."
She's trying to change the law to allow anybody to vote absentee in a federal election.
So far Rep. Davis' bill hasn't been able to get past the House, but she's hopeful that will soon change.